Introduction to Forecasting
Political experts are on average worse than chance at political predictions[citation needed from that famous Tetlock paper]. There is no reason to believe that we, as random members of the public, are any better. On the other hand, prediction markets and aggregators are a decentralised way of getting information earlier. Forecasting is valuable for the following reasons:
- Many people in this space hold views on many topics. It's good to hold ourselves accountable - how accurate are we?
- Forecasting questions allow people to anonymously give information to the community in exchange for money or reputation.
- When holding discussions, prediction markets and concretise them.
If you don't like reading wikis, you should readEdit
- Superforecasting. The book to read on forecasting. It explains the research that led to forecasting becoming trusted as a decision making mechanism and some ways that we can improve as forecasters.
- Intro to Forecasting (video series). A great series of videos introducing forecasting.
- Tweet summary of Intro to Forecasting.
- Prediction market terminology (by Kalshi).
How do I forecast as an individualEdit
- Join a community of forecasters
- Follow forecasters on twitter @nikosbosse @fianxu @peterwildeford
- Good Judgement Open
- Discord servers of Metaculus and various prediction markets
- Do some forecasts and do post-mortems once they resolve.
How do I forecast as/for an orgEdit
- Questions must decision relevant - [explain] [also can I write comments to myself?]
- Conditional forecasts are very useful but also tricky to get right
- If you have effective altruism questions talk to @nathanpmyoung or [blanka]
- If you have general questions, write them ["how to write question on metaculus" page required]
- Set up prediction markets
- Cultivate Labs
Two frames for forecasting: Self-Improvement vs Information GatheringEdit
Forecasting as self improvement. You (or your organisation) make forecasts about the future. You keep a track record of your progress. Looking back, you spot the repeated kind of errors and work on making your future decision better. You become wary of making forecasts in future that you don't think will hold up. Your behaviour is better linked to reality and you become a more accurate source of information.
Forecasting as information gathering. There is an issue you want to know about. You create a prediction aggregator or market. People make forecasts/bets. This provides early indicators on this issue. Both prediction markets aggregators have a great track record. You learn what will happen earlier than you otherwise would.
Prediction Markets vs. Prediction AggregatorsEdit
Prediction markets involves betting on outcomes. Some users will be paid if they happen and others if they don't. The current price of the bets indicates a level of confidence in the outcome. Kalshi, polymarket etc.
Prediction aggregators (like Metaculus and Good Judgement Open) gather forecasts and score how well individuals did according to various scoring methods which incentivise accuracy, regular forecasting or both.
Hard problems within forecastingEdit
- Writing good questions/markets
- Choosing your scoring method
- Working out which questions are interesting